A quick guide to Chinese railway carriages

In my recent post about Hong Kong’s intercity through trains I mentioned the use of locomotive hauled carriages: here is a quick guide to identifying them…

China Railways carriage RZ25T 110841

The destination of a Chinese train can be determined by the signs hung on the side of each carriage: the boards get swapped over at the end of the line, so the station names are in the correct order – another little bit of busy work. This train is bound from Guangzhou to Hung Hom: the Chinese names are “Guangzhoudong” and “Jiulong” (Kowloon).

Carriage destination board - "Guangzhoudong to Jiulong"

Four classes of travel exist: “hard seat”, “soft seat”, “hard sleeper” and “soft sleeper”. The soft and hard names don’t describe the quality of the seat or sleeping berth, but the travel class: being equivalent to first and second class respectively. For a Communist country where everyone is supposedly equal, calling it “first class” wouldn’t be very proletarian, would it?

All carriages have a nice big code board at each end of the body – this is carriage “RZ25Z 110627”.

How to identify a Chinese railway carriage

  • RZ is the type of carriage – ruanzuoche (“Ruan Zuo Che”) translates as “soft seat carriage”.
  • 25Z is the class of carriage design – Class 25Z in this case.
  • 110627 is the carriage number.

The carriage types I saw during my time in Hong Kong were:

  • RZ- Ruanzuoche: “soft seat”
  • RZXL – Ruanzuoxingliche: “soft seat” with baggage compartment
  • YW – Yingwoche: “hard sleeper”
  • RW – Ruanwoche: “soft sleeper”
  • KD – Kongtiaofadianche: generator carriage / power van
  • CA – Canche: dining car
  • XL – Xingliche: baggage car

This ends my quick guide to Chinese railway carriages: coming up are articles on the 25Z and 25T class carriages that cross the border into Hong Kong.

For those wanting more details of the reminder of the China Railways carriage fleet, more details and photographs can be found at these web pages:

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4 Responses to A quick guide to Chinese railway carriages

  1. Pingback: China Railways 25T class carriages | Checkerboard Hill

  2. Pingback: China Railways 25Z class carriages | Checkerboard Hill

  3. Chandan says:

    Does all hard Sleeper carriage also have Air Con?

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