KCR EMD G12 diesel locomotives in Australia

I’ve written about the story of the Kowloon-Canton Railway EMD G12 diesel locomotives before – but what about a closer look at their Australian connection?

TL154 stabled at the Creek Siding

We start with my history of their time in Hong Kong.

The former Kowloon-Canton Railway owned a number of diesel locomotives for use on their railway between Kowloon and the border with China at Lo Wu. The two first diesels (numbers 51 and 52) entered service in 1955, being EMD G12s ordered from Clyde Engineering in Australia. Three more locomotives (numbered 53-55) soon followed, enabling the end of the regular steam locomotives use on passenger trains in 1957.

The October 1955 edition of Railway Transportation covered the construction of the first two locomotives – you can find the full article on the ‘KCR Information Station’ website:

Australian-Built Diesel Locomotives Enter Service on Hong Kong Railway

Two general-purpose, diesel-electric locomotives built by the Clyde Engineering Co. Pty Ltd., of Granville, NSW, for the British section of the Kowloon Canton Railway, arrived recently in Hong Kong in the vessel “Eastern” and placed in service early in September.

The vessel was met on the arrival by the Australian government Trade Commissioner (Mr. H. C. Menzies) and Mr. I. B. Trevor, C.B.E., M.C., General Manager of the British Section of the Kowloon Canton Railway. A number of press representatives and photographers were also present to record the arrival of the first diesel electric locomotives ever seen in Hong Kong.

Before being shipped to Hong Kong, these two locomotives underwent testing on the NSW Government Railways system. This photo from the John Buckland collection shows one of these test trains, the double headed locomotives hauling a short freight train on the steeply graded Illawarra line.

Buckland collection, PIC P861/1227 LOC Box N2 Folder 1/nla.obj-155370035

The new diesels then went to work in Hong Kong, hauling both freight and passenger trains.

Kowloon Canton Railway KCR - EMD G12 locomotive No. 54
No. 54 at the northern Beacon Hill Tunnel portal near Tai Wai, sometime between the 1957 and the modernisation work of the late 1970s (photo via this blog).

With electrification of the KCR line being commissioned in 1983 the diesel fleet no longer hauled passenger trains, instead being used to move freight to and from the border with China, as well as hauling maintenance trains on the line.

Overhead wire repair train stabled at the Sha Tin freight yard

By the late 1990s the EMD G12 fleet had been retired: in 2004 locomotive KCR 51 was restored and placed into the Hong Kong Railway Museum, the other four classmates being purchased by Chicago Freight Car Leasing Australia (CFCLA). The four locomotives were loaded onto an Australian-bound ship at Hung Hom in October 2005.

Tai Wah Sea & Land Heavy Transportation photo

They arrived in the Australian city of Adelaide in December 2005, where they were sent to the Islington Workshops to be refurbished.

They re-entered service as TL class, numbered TL152 through TL155.

I photographed TL154 in my home town of Melbourne in 2008, shunting freight wagons around a workshop.

TL154 at the Creek Siding, alongside some wagons for repair

Quite often they played ‘yard ornament’ beside the turntable.

S311, T392, S300, J102 and TL154 stabled at the South Dynon SG turntable

While other classmates were hired out to freight operator EL Zorro, who used to to haul their containerised mineral sands trains.

Three flats tops?! T342, TL155 and TL152 lead the down mineral sands through North Geelong

As well as grain services.

T385, TL154, TL155 and GM36 waiting line at Benalla on an up Oaklands train

Following the collapse of El Zorro in 2013 the TL class now see little use, having been worked hard and in need of heavy overhaul.

The exception is TL152 – now owned by a private group called K&AB Rail, it has been seen hauling railfan specials in western Victoria.

TL152 up front on arrival at Kaniva


If you take a look inside the cab of a TL class, you can see the Hong Kong heritage thanks to Chinese text on the control stand.

Chinese text still in place inside the cab of TL152

More photos

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One Response to KCR EMD G12 diesel locomotives in Australia

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